What is the thyroid gland function

Thyroid gland

Your car engine produces energy, but you tell it how fast to go by stepping on the accelerator. It is butterfly-shaped and consists of two lobes located either side of the windpipe trachea. Normally, substances called antibodies protect you from dangerous bacteria and viruses. This network of communication between the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the thyroid gland is referred to as the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis HPT axis.

what is the thyroid gland function

Losing weight with thyroid disease can be a struggle. The thyroid gland uses iodine from the diet to make thyroid hormone thyroxine. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the base of your neck. Email Address Sign Up There was an error.

You and Your Hormones

This hormone, secreted by a small population of cells known as C cells, is involved in regulating the level of calcium and phosphate in your blood. Understanding panic attacks and learning how best to support yourself and…. A normal-sized thyroid gland cannot be seen in the neck, and can barely be felt. Search the Health Library Get the facts on diseases, conditions, tests and procedures.

what is the thyroid gland function

Typically, modest changes in free thyroid hormones result in large changes in thyroid stimulating hormone. TSH stimulates the thyroid to make T3 and T4. Your Questions Answered.

The amount of thyroid hormones secreted is controlled by another hormone, called thyroid stimulating hormone TSH , which is released from the pituitary gland in your brain. Our thyroid-friendly meal plan can help. Thyroid disease in children Learn about the signs, symptoms and treatment of thyroid disease in children. At the same time, circulating thyroid hormone, specifically T3, inhibits TSH production by the pituitary gland, thus forming a negative feedback loop.

Learn how you can live better. National Library of Medicine. The thyroid gland and the hormones it produces are critically important to human development and to a healthy life. The thyroid hormones are involved in regulating many of your bodily functions, such as your breathing, heart rate, temperature, how quickly you burn calories, and digestion, among other functions. As with hypothyroidism, you may develop a goiter; in this case, your thyroid enlarges because your thyroid is working so hard overproducing thyroid hormone.

what is the thyroid gland function