MMDCC 2710: However, for a number of serious reasons e. In general, their objective to secure the Christian Holy Places and protect the Christian communities in the Holy Land was attained, but in an ephemeral way, for, after roughly two centuries of Christian domination, the Muslims regained power over Jerusalem in a more stable way with the rise of the Mamelukes.
The Pope himself sent a contribution of 50,000 dollars to aid the war victims and sent a letter through the Secretary of State Cardinal Cicognani to Monsignor Rodhaim, President of the Caritas Internationalis , thanking the organization for its initiatives to help the needy, especially the displaced population.
In the first place, the Encyclical affirmed that it would be necessary to make arrangements in such a way that pilgrims could approach freely those sacred edifices, enabling each one to profess his devotion openly and without hindrance, and to remain free from fear and danger.
Israel and Jordan's manifestations of a certain respect towards the sensibilities of the Christian world on the question of the Holy Places made them potential partners of dialogue in this regard. MML 2051: Short commentaries are provided whenever useful or necessary. MXXIX 1030: MDCCX 1711: In view of this, the Holy See demanded not only a solution to the problems protection of the Holy Places and religious rights but also the form of the solution and its essential contents.
This was reconfirmed by another firman dispatched by sultan Abdul Medjid to the governor of Jerusalem in 1852, which determined the rights of the various communities. DLXII 563: CCC 310: CCII 203: Given the coincidence of his Pontificate with the birth of the State of Israel, the outbreak of Israeli-Arab conflict and the emergence of Palestine and Jerusalem questions, this chapter defines the nature of the problems and the policy line adopted by the Holy See.
MMDXL 2541: For the next four centuries, the caliphs ruled over Palestine, exercising their authority first from Damascus, then from Baghdad and later on from Egypt. DCCII 703: MXCII 1093: MCCCX 1311: MCCXL 1250: MMDCX 2620: ROME 2003.
Therefore, as a diplomatic agenda of the Holy See with Israel, the Jerusalem question had two levels or aspects: Unlike the old regime when the Christian interests were secured through the treaties between European nations and the Ottoman Empire a bilateral way that favored the Holy See , the emerging multilateral trend promised a more balanced and equitable solution to the question of the Holy Places.